Controversy still exists over whether there is a magnocellular deficit associated with developmental dyslexia. Here we utilised a magnocellular system-biased phantom contour form discrimination task defined by high temporal frequency contrast reversals to compare contrast sensitivity in a group of children with dyslexia and an age- and nonverbal intelligence-matched control group (9–14 years). Stimuli were either abruptly presented for 4 refresh frames (34 ms), or in two reduced transience conditions had contrast progressively ramped on and off over either 4 frames or 10 frames (86 ms). Children in the dyslexia group showed increased contrast thresholds compared with the control group in all three conditions, and thus strong evidence for a magnocellular deficit. Although the absolute size of the differences in threshold scores between control and dyslexic groups increased dramatically between the abrupt and the 4 and 10 frame ramped onset stimuli, the similar effect size across all tasks, and also the similar range of contrast change at the first frame of stimulus presentation across all tasks between groups suggests that a similar neural mechanism could provide the locus of the apparent magnocellular deficit in children with dyslexia for all tasks tested. These results suggest that threshold discrimination of stimuli with low contrast and high temporal frequencies designed to target the magnocellular system, and has great potential for early screening for children at risk of visually derived reading difficulties.
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NOTICE: this is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in the Neuropsychologia. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in the Neuropsychologia, 50(8); 2107-2113-184, 2012 and can be found at http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2012.05.012 (Please note: access via this link may only be available with a subscription)