Background Social inclusion is central to disability policies internationally. The high risk of social exclusion for people with intellectual disability is compounded for those with challenging behaviour. Method A systematic literature review examined how social inclusion of people with intellectual disability and challenging behaviour has been researched and operationalised in the empirical literature, and aimed to determine what evidence exists about the extent of social inclusion by people with intellectual disability and challenging behaviour. Results A thematic analysis of the 14 papers identifi ed that social inclusion has been poorly defi ned and measured, and that the little research that has occurred in respect of people with challenging behaviour has demonstrated their potential to be socially included. Conclusions Clearer conceptualisation of inclusion, and greater understanding of practices that support social inclusion and system level mechanisms, which ensure goals around inclusion gain prominence in funding and support plans, may address the neglect of this critical quality-of-life domain for people with challenging behaviour.
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This article may be downloaded for personal use only. Any other use requires prior permission of the Informa Healthcare and the authors. This is an author version of a work that was accepted for publication in the Journal of intellectual and developmental disability. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in the Journal of intellectual and developmental disability, 37(4): 360-374, 2012 and can be found at http://dx.doi.org/10.3109/13668250.2012.721878 (Please note: access via this link may only be available with a subscription)
Copyright (2012) Informa Healthcare
Journal of Intellectual & Developmental Disability, 37(4): 360-374