Calanoid copepods from billabongs near Wodonga, Victoria, Australia were found to be infested with a disc-shaped mobiline peritrich ciliate belonging to the genus Trichodina. Biometrical data, including mean body diameter (43.6 m), mean adhesive disc diameter (35.9 m), mean denticle ring diameter (20.1 m), modal denticle number (17), modal number of radial pins per denticle (9), and denticle shape and dimensions, indicate that the species is T. diaptomi Basson & Van As (1991). This is the first record of T. diaptomi from Australasia. Adults of Boeckella fluvialis and B. minuta were infected, but adult Calamoecia lucasi were not. Levels of infestation were higher on B. fluvialis (67.5% of females, 54.5% of males) than B. minuta (47.4% of females, 33.3% of males). Mean numbers of Trichodina per adult B. fluvialis were 7.68 (range 0–78) for females and 4.06 (range 0–43) for males, and differed significantly between sexes. Although calanoid copepods were present in the plankton from January to early December 1991, Trichodina infestations occurred during October and November only, peaking during late November just before the copepods disappeared from the plankton. Whether the infestation was a cause of the copepod decline, developed because the copepods were rendered susceptible to infection by some other cause, or was determined by physical and/or chemical environmental factors is unknown.