Asian Studies Program

Chinese Australia

Digital Documents Record

1576 Notes by Mr J. Dundas Crawford on Chinese immigration in Australian Colonies, 1877

Full Document Caption:
Observations of an official of the British Consular Service sent to investigate conditions of Chinese in Australia in 1877. Part I of the 'Notes' ragnes over issues relating to Chinese migration in Australia including its context within the British Empire, wage and price comparisons, trade competition with the United States, impacts on wage rates, camp descriptions, medicines, European attitudes to Chinese, food and diet, business networks and the home life of a Chinese merchant in Victoria. Part II focusses on Cooktown and the nearby Palmer River goldfields, which were, at the time of Crawford's visit, the main destination of new arrivals from China. Topics include Aborigines, crops, climate, merchants, European resistance to Chinese arrivals, secret societies, women and finally the possibilities of a trans-national railway under a 'United Australia'. Further information about the importance and credibility of this document can be found in Williams, Michael, ‘Observations of a China Consul’, Locality, Centre for Community History, University of NSW, vol.11, no.2, pp.24-31. A fuller adobe acrobat version of this article can be downloaded from this site. Click here to download. (49.3Kb)

Source: Crawford, J. Dundas, ‘Notes by Mr Crawford on Chinese immigration in Australian Colonies’, Foreign Office Confidential Print 3742, National Library of Australia

Region: Date From: 1877 To: 1877
New South Wales - Sydney
Northern Territory
Queensland - Brisbane
Queensland - Cooktown
Queensland - Palmer River
Victoria - Ballarat
Victoria - Beechworth
Victoria - Melbourne

This document is available in two possible forms:

1. Scanned original version

"Sorry no scanned document available"

2. Searchable text version (below)

Download pdf version of this document here. Available in three parts.

Part 1
Part 2
Part 3